Shaft Power

The required shaft power of the pump is given as a performance curve depending on the flow rate. The performance curve changes when the speed of the pump changes in accordance with the affinity laws. The shaft power of the pump is directly proportional to the density of the pumped medium. In the case of highly viscous media, the shaft power also depends on the viscosity. Depending on the application and size of the pump, the drive is designed so that the motor power is either greater than or equal to the viscosity of the pumped medium.
  •  the shaft power at the operating point or
  •  the maximum power of the characteristic curve,
in each case plus a security surcharge of at least 5%. The required safety margin depends on the required engine power. While the safety margin is reduced to up to 5% for larger motors, surcharges of over 20% are applied for smaller power values. In addition, the nominal motor power for standard motors must be converted to the ambient conditions. P2 is used as the symbol for the shaft power.  


The flow rate for the duty point of a pump is determined from the application, for example for heating systems from the heat requirement calculation or for wastewater systems from statistical parameters for the maximum expected wastewater volume. National and international standards exist for many applications. The performance curves of a centrifugal pump (e.g. head, power consumption, efficiency) are given as a function of the flow.