# Curve Corrections for Different Fluids

Pump curves are mostly established for water. Duty (H-Q) and efficiency (η-Q) curves become close to being valid for all Newtonian fluids, while the shaft power is proportional to the density of the pumped medium.

In practice this will however become not applicable for fluids of kinematic viscosities above 20mm²/s ( 20 cst ) due to the influence of a higher Reynolds Number with increasing viscosity. Empirical conversion methods have been developed for curve corrections for medium- and high-viscous fluids, which in practical application in older versions meant the time-consuming evaluation of diagrams, but in the current versions were prepared by corresponding formula sets.

The most widespread method worldwide is the method from the Hydraulic Institute (USA), which has been standardised as ANSI/HI 9.6.7 and ISO/TR 17766. In practice, the conversion is usually carried out by computer programmes such as the Spaix PumpSelector. The computer implementation of this method enables the conversion of performance curves, whereby the user only has to define the desired delivery data and the pumped medium. The best efficiency point of the pump is of vital importance with all the known curve correction methods.

The following conditions can be stated for the validity of this method:

• Centrifugal pumps with closed or semi-open impellers
• Kinematic viscosity in the range between 1 and 3000 mm²/s
• Flow rate at best efficiency point between 3 and 410 m³/h
• Head per stage between 6 and 130 m
• Fluid displacement by means of a centrifugal pump under normal operating conditions
• Handling of Newtonian Fluids

## More articles on this topic

### Pumped medium

The liquid to be pumped (pumped medium) has a fundamental influence on the selection and configuration of a pump.

### Centrifugal Pump

In the centrifugal pump the movement of the fluid is realized by centrifugal forces that are caused by the rotation of the impeller in the volute casing.

### Viscosity

Viscosity (also known as toughness) is a fluid characteristic due to molecular interaction by which an internal friction opposes deformation.

### Non-Newtonian Fluids

Medium- to highly viscous fluids and multi-phase systems with a high portion of the article phase can be of non-Newtonian flow characteristics.