National Oilwell Varco, Inc. reported a first quarter 2017 net loss of $122 million, or $0.32 per share. Excluding other items, net loss for the quarter was $63 million, or $0.17 per share. Other items totaled $37 million, pretax, and primarily consisted of charges related to severance and facility closures.
Revenues for the first quarter of 2017 were $1.74 billion, an increase of three percent compared to the fourth quarter of 2016 and a decrease of 20 percent from the first quarter of 2016. Operating loss for the first quarter was $97 million, or 5.6 percent of sales. Excluding other items, operating loss was $70 million, or 4.0 percent of sales. Adjusted EBITDA (operating profit excluding other items before depreciation and amortization) for the first quarter was $105 million, or 6.0 percent of sales, an increase of $3 million from the fourth quarter of 2016. Cash flow from operations for the first quarter was $111 million.
Source: National Oilwell
“The Company posted its second consecutive quarter of rising revenues and its third consecutive quarter of rising Adjusted EBITDA,” commented Clay Williams, Chairman, President and CEO. “Our businesses that serve the improving North American land market generated solid sequential improvements in profitability and are growing quickly. This lifted NOV’s consolidated mix of land revenues to 57 percent during the first quarter of 2017.”
“We continue to drive cost reductions and efficiencies and pivot toward the products and technologies we believe will benefit disproportionately through the upcycle. In a global market that is slowly grinding higher, our improving financial results demonstrate the extraordinary effort and execution from our team.”
Rig Systems generated revenues of $393 million, a decrease of eight percent from the fourth quarter of 2016 and a decrease of 58 percent from the first quarter of 2016. Operating profit was $9 million, or 2.3 percent of sales. Adjusted EBITDA was $33 million, or 8.4 percent of sales, a decrease of 42 percent sequentially and a decrease of 76 percent from the prior year.
Backlog for capital equipment orders for Rig Systems at March 31, 2017 was $2.32 billion. New orders during the quarter were $118 million, representing a book-to-bill of 41 percent when compared to the $285 million of orders shipped from backlog.
Rig Aftermarket generated revenues of $321 million, a decrease of five percent from the fourth quarter of 2016 and a decrease of 18 percent from the first quarter of 2016. Operating profit was $61 million, or 19.0 percent of sales. Adjusted EBITDA was $71 million, or 22.1 percent of sales, a decrease of 11 percent sequentially and a decrease of 13 percent from the prior year.
Wellbore Technologies generated revenues of $555 million, an increase of five percent from the fourth quarter of 2016 and a decrease of 12 percent from the first quarter of 2016. Operating loss was $57 million, or 10.3 percent of sales. Adjusted EBITDA was $38 million, or 6.8 percent of sales, an increase of 90 percent sequentially and a decrease of 12 percent from the prior year.
Completion & Production Solutions
Completion and Production Solutions generated revenues of $648 million, an increase of eight percent from the fourth quarter of 2016 and an increase of 16 percent from the first quarter of 2016. Operating profit was $8 million, or 1.2 percent of sales. Adjusted EBITDA was $77 million, or 11.9 percent of sales, an increase of 12 percent sequentially and an increase of 60 percent from the prior year.
Backlog for capital equipment orders for Completion & Production Solutions at March 31, 2017 was $751 million. New orders during the quarter were $323 million, representing a book-to-bill of 90 percent when compared to the $359 million of orders shipped from backlog.
Significant Events and Achievements
NOV recently introduced the highest strength coiled tubing string commercially available today, the QT-1400. QT-1400 coiled tubing has a specified minimum yield strength of 140,000 psi and greater resistance to low-cycle fatigue cracking at high pressure. The new coiled tubing improves customers’ operational efficiencies in completing and refracturing long laterals onshore and offshore with a 54% further reach capability, 28% stronger internal yield pressure, and 23% higher yield load capability, as compared to QT‐1100 with a 2-in. OD.
NOV introduced two real-time condition-based monitoring (CBM) systems for intervention and stimulation equipment. The CTES CBM system maximizes uptime and reduces maintenance costs associated with personnel and inventory requirements through early identification of potential failures. This is accomplished by monitoring pump performance, filters, and engine health in addition to hydraulic systems, lubrication systems, and specific bearings on rotating machinery. The Texas Oil Tools Stack Monitor increases customer confidence of coiled tubing blowout preventer (BOP) performance by providing real-time data of the entire stack. Mounted in the control cabin, the Stack Monitor allows the customer to determine if the BOP rams are fully opened or closed from a safe distance from the operation.
NOV booked another 75,000 HHP hydraulic fracturing equipment order during the first quarter, bringing the Company’s total to 150,000 HHP for 2017. The most recent order includes 30 frac units, two blenders, one chemical unit, one hydration unit, and a data van.
NOV booked orders for 30 high-spec well servicing rigs for the US market. These rigs incorporate purpose-built components that optimize the rigs’ ability to be utilized in a variety of applications, including extended lateral completions.
NOV booked orders for 16 NOVOS rig operating systems, a key element of the Company’s automation initiative. NOVOS automates drilling activities and incorporates the ability to utilize applications and algorithms which leverage real-time drilling data to optimize drilling performance.
NOV introduced its new Vector Series 50 motor, a short bit-to-bend downhole drilling motor with an ERT power section that delivers extended operational hours, less aggressive rotation, and tighter curve sections. Using the new motor, an independent operator in the Permian drilled back-to-back record runs, including their fastest lateral section. The tool delivered 32% and 58% ROP improvement over Reagan County’s top five-performing wells. Following similar successes around North America, NOV is adding additional Series 50 motors to its rental fleet.
Grant Prideco’s newest connection, Delta, completed its first commercial run. An independent E&P company in the Permian basin used 5½-in. S-135 Delta 544 Grant Prideco drill pipe to drill one of their longest and fastest lateral wells in the area. The operator drilled a clean hole, eliminating casing run concerns and reducing the open hole friction factor from 0.34 to 0.24, a 30% reduction in torque and tension loads, to make it easier to reach total depth. The operator plans to continue using Grant Prideco 5½-in. drill pipe with Delta connections. With such strong initial performance, the Company anticipates broader adoption of 5½-in. drill pipe with Delta connections for horizontal land drilling.
An NOV customer set a record for the longest lateral drilled in the 8¾-in. section in Howard County, Texas using a ReedHycalog DS616M-T1 drill bit with Permian Series cutters and an Agitator system. The bit drilled 10,927 ft in 138 hr for an average rate of penetration of 79 ft/hr. The bit drilled 53% farther and 7% faster than the county’s top ten bit runs, motivating the customer to continue using this drill bit for their Midland Basin laterals.
NOV Tuboscope’s tubular inspections now feature the latest ultrasonic phased array technology. Tuboscope can now identify any transverse, longitudinal, and oblique flaws within the pipe body of oil country tubular goods simultaneously. With this new technology, Tuboscope can provide higher-resolution inspections at faster speeds with improved operational flexibility.
NOV opened a new plant in Abu Dhabi to provide Tuboscope TK Liner products to the Middle Eastern market. TK Liner products are glass-reinforced epoxy (GRE) liners designed to protect new and used oil country tubular goods and flow lines in corrosive environments. In its first quarter of operation, the plant delivered 350,000 ft of liner.
NOV received a multi-year integrated service contract to provide drilling fluids, solids control, and waste management for Mittelplate Island. Mittelplate is an artificial island for drilling and production in the middle of the Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park in Northern Germany, making proper drilling waste treatment and disposal operation-critical.
Other Corporate Items
As of March 31, 2017, the Company had $1.48 billion in cash and cash equivalents and total debt of $3.21 billion. NOV had $4.5 billion available on its revolving credit facility as of March 31, 2017. The unsecured facility matures in September of 2018 and is subject to one primary covenant, a maximum debt-to-capitalization ratio of 60 percent. As of March 31, 2017, NOV had a debt-to-capitalization ratio of 18.7 percent.