Baker Hughes Company announced results for the third quarter of 2019.
“We delivered a solid third quarter with strong growth in Turbomachinery and Oilfield Equipment orders, and continued margin improvement in our Oilfield Services business. Overall, we are very pleased with our execution as a team, and we believe Baker Hughes is firmly on the right path financially, operationally, and strategically,” said Lorenzo Simonelli, Baker Hughes Chairman and Chief Executive Officer.
Source: Baker Hughes
“In the third quarter, we booked $7.8 billion in orders, driven by year-over-year growth in three of our four segments. We delivered $5.9 billion in revenue and adjusted operating income in the quarter was $422 million.
“In Oilfield Services (OFS), we continue to execute as the team drives operational improvements and wins commercially. Moving forward, we are increasingly focused on driving the next stage of margin improvement.
“In Oilfield Equipment (OFE), we are leveraging our Subsea Connect approach to secure important wins in the North Sea and Australia. Overall, we remain constructive on the opportunity for order growth in the OFE segment in 2019.
“In Turbomachinery & Process Solutions (TPS), order growth remains solid compared to 2018 driven by strength in LNG activity and resilient order activity in our non-LNG businesses. We have seen approximately 80 Million Tons Per Annum (MTPA) of new capacity reach Final Investment Decision (FID) since the fourth quarter of 2018, and the industry is on track to reach the 100 MTPA we outlined by the end of 2019. As we look to the remainder of the year and into 2020, we believe we are well positioned for several large LNG projects still to come.
“In Digital Solutions (DS), the broad, diversified nature of our portfolio and growth in oil and gas and other end markets has helped to partially offset weakness in the Power market. On the commercial side, only weeks after forming the BHC3 joint venture, the team launched its first artificial intelligence software application, BHC3 Reliability. We are extremely excited about this partnership, and the potential it brings to our industry.
“Overall, we executed well in the third quarter, and we believe that Baker Hughes is well positioned to navigate a potentially choppy macro backdrop with a good combination of long-cycle businesses in TPS and OFE, more stable end markets within Digital Solutions, and a differentiated OFS portfolio,” concluded Simonelli.
Baker Hughes’ OFS segment secured wins in key international markets this quarter. The company signed a large agreement with Saudi Aramco to provide completions, liner hangers, well intervention equipment, and associated services for a number of key projects over the next five years. Baker Hughes also won a large contract to provide cementing, coiled tubing, and stimulation services across multiple fields.
In Asia, a major operator awarded OFS a seven-year contract extension to provide drilling and wireline services, and a five-year extension to provide completions and well intervention services both onshore and offshore Brunei. Baker Hughes’ strong safety performance, service quality, and flawless execution for the last four years on the project led to this extension.
In North America, a major operator selected OFS as its sole artificial lift provider in the Permian Basin. Under the contract, Baker Hughes will deliver artificial lift services, including ESPs, for 250 wells.
In the quarter, Baker Hughes’ OFE segment gained traction with its Subsea Connect approach, securing a number of wins in important markets globally. This includes an award from Vår Energi to provide 16 subsea production systems for the Balder X on the Norwegian Continental Shelf (NCS). Baker Hughes will deliver a comprehensive solution to extend the production of the Jotun A floating production offloading and storage (FPSO) unit.
OFE also won a contract to provide subsea trees, wellheads, and associated services for Apache’s UK North Sea development activities for the next three years. Baker Hughes will deliver project management and engineering from Aberdeen, Scotland and manufacturing will take place from its new Subsea Global Centre of Excellence in Montrose, Scotland.
Also in the quarter, Inpex awarded OFE a subsea contract for its Ichthys Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) field development, located off the northwest coast of Western Australia. Baker Hughes will deliver subsea production systems, including vertical trees, associated production control systems, distribution equipment, and topside controls. OFE will also provide associated installation and commissioning support services.
Baker Hughes’ TPS segment was awarded a contract and granted notice to proceed for Venture Global LNG’s Calcasieu Pass project. TPS will provide an LNG liquefaction train system with 18 modularized compression trains across nine “blocks”, for a total nameplate capacity of 10 million tons per annum (MTPA). This modular solution will enable faster installation and lower construction and operational costs. Baker Hughes will also leverage advanced technologies from across its portfolio to deliver a comprehensive power island system that includes power generation and electrical distribution equipment for the facility.
Baker Hughes TPS business was also awarded equipment contracts for two FPSO projects offshore India and Brazil. The Company’s solution includes three LM2500+G4 gas turbines for power generation and six motor compressors for the project in India. In Brazil, Baker Hughes will provide four LM2500+G4 gas turbines for power generation and three LM2500 +G4 gas turbine compressors. Baker Hughes’ integrated portfolio of proven technologies, including CO2 management capabilities and a smaller footprint-as well as its track record of execution were key differentiators for selection on these important offshore production projects.
Technology & Innovation
BHC3, the Company’s joint venture with C3.ai, launched its first commercial application, BHC3 Reliability. The application is built on C3.ai’s leading artificial intelligence platform with domain-specific algorithms from Baker Hughes. It captures historical and real-time data from entire systems to identify anomalies that lead to equipment failure and process upsets. Application alerts enable proactive intervention to reduce downtime and lost revenue. The application is now available to deploy across upstream, midstream, or downstream projects, and BHC3 is currently training the app on customer data.
Also in the quarter, Baker Hughes’ Bently Nevada product line within the Digital Solutions segment launched the Orbit 60 Series next-generation condition-monitoring platform that collects and processes data, equipping customers with the right data and analytics to determine the health of their machines. It is the first intrinsically cyber-secure machinery monitoring system with a built-in data diode, which enables secure one-way data transfer from the device to Bently Nevada’s flagship machinery management software, System 1, for proactive monitoring and diagnostics. The Orbit platform enables operators to do more with less, offering 80 dynamic data channels compared to an industry average of 50, with 100 times higher signal processing power and a smaller physical footprint than the industry average.
Executing for Customers
In the third quarter, Baker Hughes and ADNOC Drilling completed the first offshore well under the existing partnership using an integrated well construction solution. The approach increased drilling efficiency by 25 percent, enabling the partnership to deliver the well ahead of schedule and within budget, creating enhanced value and production growth. The milestone follows the completion of 19 onshore wells this year in partnership with ADNOC.
Baker Hughes’ OFS segment continues to deliver strong results for Equinor. In the third quarter, the customer recognized Baker Hughes as the first service company to fully transition a rig to integrated operations level 3 (IO3) status, which requires moving personnel from offshore to a remote operations center. Baker Hughes will scale this approach across the 10 rigs currently in operation for this customer. In October, on the same IO3 rig, Baker Hughes deployed a new automated directional drilling system for the first time on multiple sections of an offshore development well. This system compares actual downhole data with the planned well path and automatically makes adjustments - with no human guidance or intervention, representing a step-change in directional drilling. OFS also completed its first fully remote cementing job for Equinor in the quarter.
Baker Hughes’ DS segment continued to drive growth in its controls product line with customers across end markets such as electronics, aviation, and automotive industries. Earlier this month, the team opened a new Customer Solutions Center (CSC) in Korea and has plans to open another center in Silicon Valley later this year. These openings follow strong results with its other CSCs in the U.S. and Asia. The centers feature 10+ of the latest technologies from the inspection technologies business and support application development, qualification testing and training for customers at scale.
Orders for the quarter were $7,783 million, up 19% sequentially and up 35% year-over-year. The sequential increase was driven primarily by strong order intake in Turbomachinery and Process Solutions and Oilfield Equipment, partially offset by a decline in Digital Solutions.
Year-over-year, the strong orders growth was driven by Turbomachinery and Process Solutions, Oilfield Equipment, and Oilfield Services, partially offset by a decline in Digital Solutions orders. Year-over-year equipment orders were up 89% and service orders were up 1%.
The Company s total book-to-bill ratio in the quarter was 1.3; the equipment book-to-bill ratio in the quarter was 1.8.
Remaining Performance Obligations (RPO) in the third quarter ended at $22.2 billion, an increase of $1.7 billion from the second quarter of 2019. Equipment RPO was $7.4 billion, up 32% sequentially. Services RPO was $14.9 billion, down 1% sequentially.
Revenue for the quarter was $5,882 million, a decrease of 2%, sequentially. The sequential decline was driven by lower volume across Turbomachinery and Process Solutions which was down 15%, and Digital Solutions which was down 4%. Oilfield Services was up 3%, and Oilfield Equipment was up 5%.
Compared to the same quarter last year, revenue was up 4%. Oilfield Equipment was up 15%, and Oilfield Services was up 12%, partially offset with Turbomachinery & Process Solutions down 14%, and Digital Solutions down 7%.
On a GAAP basis, operating income for the third quarter of 2019 was $297 million. Operating income increased $26 million sequentially and increased $15 million year-over-year. Total segment operating income was $531 million for the third quarter of 2019, up 14% sequentially and up 12% year-over-year.
Adjusted operating income (a non-GAAP measure) for the third quarter of 2019 was $422 million, which excludes adjustments totaling $125 million before tax, mainly related to restructuring charges and separation related costs. A complete list of the adjusting items and associated reconciliation from GAAP has been provided in Table 1a in the section entitled “Charges and Credits.” Adjusted operating income for the third quarter was up 17% sequentially and up 12% year-over-year driven by increased volume and productivity.
Depreciation and amortization for the third quarter of 2019 was $355 million.
Corporate costs were $109 million in the third quarter of 2019, an increase of 5% sequentially and 12% year-over-year.
Other Financial Items
Income tax expense in the third quarter of 2019 was $107 million.
GAAP diluted earnings per share were $0.11. Adjusted diluted earnings per share were $0.21. Excluded from adjusted diluted earnings per share were all items listed in Table 1a in the section entitled "Charges and Credits" as well as the "other adjustments (non-operating)" found in Table 1b.
Cash flows from operating activities were $360 million for the third quarter of 2019. Free cash flow (a non-GAAP measure) for the quarter was $161 million. A reconciliation from GAAP has been provided in Table 1c in the section entitled "Charges and Credits."
Capital expenditures, net of proceeds from disposal of assets, were $199 million for the third quarter of 2019.
Results by Reporting Segment
Oilfield Services (OFS) revenue of $3,348 million for the third quarter increased by $85 million, or 3%, sequentially.
North America revenue was $1,178 million, down 3% sequentially. International revenue was $2,170 million, up 6% sequentially, driven by strong growth across Asia Pacific, the Middle East, and Europe. From a product line perspective, the sequential increase was driven primarily by Completions, Artificial Lift, and Pressure Pumping.
Segment operating income before tax for the quarter was $274 million, up $42 million, or 18%, sequentially, primarily driven by stronger than expected product sales.
Oilfield Equipment (OFE) orders were up $476 million, or 86%, year-over-year, driven primarily by higher equipment order intake. Equipment orders were up over 100% driven by strong order intake in the Subsea Production Systems and Flexible Pipe businesses. Service orders were up 31% year-over-year primarily driven by subsea services.
OFE revenue of $728 million for the quarter increased $97 million, or 15%, year-over-year. The increase was driven by higher volume in the Subsea Production Systems business and Subsea Services business. These increases were partially offset by lower volume in the Flexible Pipe business.
Segment operating income before tax for the quarter was $14 million, up $8 million year-over-year. The increase was driven by higher volume and better cost productivity.
Turbomachinery & Process Solutions (TPS) orders were up 79% year-over-year. Equipment orders were up over 200% driven by higher LNG and On- and Offshore-production orders. Service orders were down 13% year-over-year primarily due to deal timing.
TPS revenue of $1,197 million for the quarter declined 14% year-over-year. The decrease was driven by the sale of the High-speed Reciprocating Compressor business, lower upgrades, and lower volume in the Flow and Process technology business. This decline was partially offset with higher transactional and contractual services revenue. Equipment revenue in the quarter represented 33% of total segment revenue, and Service revenue represented 67% of total segment revenue.
Segment operating income before tax for the quarter was $161 million, up 22% year-over-year. The margin expansion was driven by increased cost productivity and better business mix, partially offset with lower volume.
Digital Solutions (DS) orders were down 2% year-over-year, driven primarily by lower order intake in the Controls and Pipeline & Process Solutions businesses, partially offset with strong order intake in the Measurement & Sensing and Bently businesses.
DS revenue of $609 million for the quarter decreased 7% year-over-year, mainly driven by the lower volume in the Controls, Software, and Pipeline & Process Solutions businesses, partially offset by higher volume in the Measurement & Sensing business.
Segment operating income before tax for the quarter was $82 million, down 23% year-over-year. The decrease year-over-year was primarily driven by lower volume and cost productivity.