impeller.net The Online Pump Magazine

22.09.2003

Viscosity

Viscosity is a fluid characteristic due to molecular interaction by which an internal friction opposes deformation.

Newtonian fluids, at laminar flow, create shear tension and pressure super-imposed normal tensions which are proportional to the deformation velocity, the proportionality factor being the absolute viscosity.













The kinematic viscosity is defined as:








The viscosity depends on temperature and pressure, whereby pressure dependency of fluids is of negligibly small characteristics.

Viscosity of non-Newtonian fluids can moreover be time-related (thixotropic or rheopexic flow characteristics); its characteristics then becoming undefined.




Also see:
Newtonian Fluid
Non-Newtonian Fluids